The study found the default Brave settings provided the most privacy, with no collection of identifiers allowing the tracking of IP addresses over time and no sharing of the details of webpages visited with backend servers. […]
If you prefer, you can switch to NextDNS or disable it entirely in Network Settings.
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Updated » 01 March 2020
Mozilla announced this week that Firefox would turn on DNS over HTTPS (DoH) by default in the United States. DoH encrypts the DNS requests that are needed to translate a domain name to an IP address, which normally travel in clear text and are therefore easily observed. Easily readable DNS transactions are also key to content blockers, which has raised the hackles of regulators and legislators over the plan, who are singing the usual “think of the children” song. That DoH would make user data collection and ad-tracking harder probably has nothing to do with their protests.
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Meanwhile many developers and users have been blasting Google for a similar plan in Chrome.
Over the course of the last year and a half, Apple has effectively neutered ad blockers in Safari, something that Google has been heavily criticized all this year.
But unlike Google, Apple never received any flak, and came out of the whole process with a reputation of caring about users’ privacy, rather than attempting to “neuter ad blockers.” The reasons may be Apple’s smaller userbase, the fact that changes rolled out across years instead of months, and the fact that Apple doesn’t rely on
Apple realized it didn’t need web developers creating extensions for Safari directly, as they could simply leverage the apps in its App Store to provide Safari users with extra features.
With the release of iOS 13, Apple ditched the old Safari Extensions Gallery for good, and officially announced it was deprecating legacy extensions. Currently, Safari users can’t install any legacy extension at all, regardless if it’s hosted on the Safari Extensions Gallery or not, or if they’re using iOS or macOS.
Even if you are visiting a site over HTTPS, your DNS query that your computer uses to look up the address of the site, is sent over an unencrypted connection. This means that even if you are browsing over HTTPS, a third=party could be examining the packets sent to and from your computer and know which sites you are visiting, even if the don’t know the contents.
DNS-over-HTTPS (DoH) encrypts the address look up of the site you want to visit. This increase user privacy and makes it harder for third-party eavesdropping. It also makes it more difficult for ISP-level blocking.
This extra layer of security ideally prevents third-parties, such as network service providers, from easily seeing the websites internet users visit, and prevents miscreants from tampering with domain-name look-ups. Though DoH provides more privacy than the status quo, it’s controversial where lack of privacy is assumed or required, such as monitored environments that insist on content filtering, among other reasons.
Back in July, the UK Internet Services Providers’ Association nominated Mozilla for its “internet villain of the year” award because DoH breaks DNS-based content filters put in place to deny access to explicit, obscene or otherwise objectionable websites. A few days later, the trade group reversed itself after online blowback.